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Non-equilibrium Classification of Topological Quantum Phases
Speaker Prof. Xiong Jun Liu, Peking University
Date 11 July 2018 (Wednesday)
Time 11:00 - 12:30
Venue Room 2504 (Lifts 25-26), HKUST

Topological phase of matter is now a mainstream of research in condensed matter physics, of which the classification, synthesis, and detection of topological states have brought many excitements over the recent decade while remain incomplete with ongoing challenges in both theory and experiment. In this talk I present a universal dynamical characterization of the topological quantum phases classified by integers, and show its application to detecting topological physics with high precision [1]. The framework of the theory consists of several findings. First, we uncover that classifying a generic d-dimensional (dD) gapped topological phase can reduce to a (d-1)D invariant defined on so-called band inversion surfaces (BISs), rendering a basic bulk-surface duality. Further, we show in quenching across phase boundary the (pseudo)spin dynamics to exhibit unique topological patterns on BISs, which are attributed to the post-quench bulk topology and manifest a dynamical bulk-surface correspondence. The topological phase is then classified by a dynamical topological invariant measured from dynamical spin-texture field on the BISs. Applications to quenching experiments on feasible models are proposed and studied. In particular, a dynamical detection with high precision of the topological quantum physics has already been achieved in experiment [2]. The further interesting issues will be discussed.


[1] L. Zhang, L. Zhang, S. Niu, and X.-J. Liu, Dynamical classification of topological quantum phases, arXiv: 1802.10061v2.

[2] W. Sun, C.-R. Yi, B.-Z. Wang, W.-W. Zhang, B.C. Sanders, X.-T. Xu, Z.Y. Wang, J. Schmiedmayer, Y. Deng, X.-J. Liu, S. Chen, and J. -W. Pan, arXiv: 1804.08226.