Home Contact Links Jobs
Introduction Admissions Programs People Research Community Outreach News & Seminars
PhD Thesis Presentation
Defect Engineering of Materials for Effective and Stable Solar Energy Conversion Devices
Speaker Mr Teng ZHANG
Department of Physics, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
Date 27 July 2017 (Thursday)
Time 14:30 - 16:30
Venue Room 2302 (Lifts 17-18), HKUST
Defect engineering is an effective approach to improving the efficiency of solar energy conversion devices by tuning the material electronic and optical properties. My thesis is focused on developing effective and stable solar energy conversion devices from the viewpoint of defect engineering. The first part is on PEC water splitting devices. The insufficient light absorption and short carrier diffusion length have limited the performance of PEC water splitting devices. Here, I introduced a doping method to prepare metal doped WO3 photoanode. Improved performance has been witnessed after doping, which was not only due to the increased light absorption and also doping increased charge carrier densities. The second part is on perovskite solar cells (PVSC), which have been developed rapidly in recent years. Currently, the practical application of PVSCs is hindered by the following obstacles: slow photoresponse (hysteresis, light soaking) and fast degradation. Here, I validated a simple model to relate the scan rate-dependent hysteresis of the solar cell and the defect assisted ion migration in perovskite materials. High performance hysteresis free PVSCs can be prepared through suppressing the defect migration in PVSCs. Moreover we find out that the defect in the perovskite materials also contribute to the degradation of the PVSC devices. To be continued, we demonstrate that the light soaking effect (LSE) observed in inverted perovskite solar cells is due to ion migration and can be effective suppressed by tuning the defect (ion) migration in the devices. Finally future directions and perspective frontiers relating defect engineering for effective solar energy conversion devices are discussed and highlighted.